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España , IPA : [es'paɲa]), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish : Reino de España), is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula . The Spanish mainland is bordered to the south and east almost entirely by the Mediterranean Sea (except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar ); to the north by France , Andorra , and the Bay of Biscay ; and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal . Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa that border Morocco . With an area of 504,030 km², Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe (behind France).